When I started asking questions about bow hunting I knew some basics but not anywhere as much as I do now (One thing I do know is that I dont like it when hunters give themselves a bad name). I thought every arrow and arrow broadhead was basically the same, and I know now thats not true at all. There are so many different things to consider when getting your stuff together that most dont know where to start.
The first part you start with is the shaft of the arrow. This is the center portion of the arrow, and looks like a bug straw. It is typically made of carbon fiber or aluminum, and comes with a notch at the end (called a nock) where the arrow goes into the string. At the other end of the arrow is the insert, which is a threaded piece that is made of aluminum or plastic and is glued into the other end of your arrow shaft. Eventually, the tip (the sharp part of the arrow) will get screwed in here.
There are many different types of arrow tips, such as practice tips, broadheads, judo points, field tips and more. These will all come into play later on and typically depend on what sort of bow hunting you’re doing for you to determine what arrow tip you’ll need.
The final part of the bow is what is called the fletching, which are the colorful plastic veins (or feathers) at the rear of the bow. Typically, the 3 of these are glued onto your arrow shaft and come with 2 of the same color (known as the hen’s fletch) and one of a different color (known as the cock fletch). These are added to the arrows to stabilize the arrow mid flight (just like the fins on a dart). These help the arrow fly straight and true, and will ensure that your arrow hits its intended target (if you’re a good shot).
How to Fletch an Arrow
These are the main components of a bow, and each will be needed for a complete arrow. One important thing to note though is that each of these can be different sizes and weights or materials, depending on how they are intended to be used and what they are going to be used with.
While it may seem expensive to start out with proper arrows, your marksmanship will be greatly improved over those arrows in the bargain bin at your local sporting goods store and you will feel much more confident in your shot. Those things should make you much more successful, and make your time hunting much more enjoyable. It will also stop you from watching dinner walk away some nights!